The two most famous web-hosting services in the market are Linux and Microsoft Windows .In general, if we want to define each of them, Linux is an open source software server, which is cheaper and easier to use. On the other hand Windows is a Microsoft product designed to make Microsoft a profit. A Windows server generally offers more range and more support than Linux servers. Linux is generally used by the start-up companies whereas Microsoft is used for large existing companies
Now, depending on our business needs, lets find out which one is better and what are their advantages and disadvantages. Before we start comparing these two servers. Let us find out the information of each servers in detail.
What is Linux Server?
A Linux server is a form of a Linux operating system that is basically designed to handle intense storage and operational needs of large organizations and software. Linux servers are used widely and considered the most popular due to their security , flexibility, and stability. Another important feature of Linux is that it is open source and it helps to setup and maintain low cost as even many of the proprietary variants of the standard Linux OS (such as RedHat, Ubuntu , CentOS, and Debian) give users significant flexibility in terms of set up, security, and maintain their servers. Moreover, Linux servers are lighter and they can run on both physical and cloud servers because they don’t require a graphics interface.
As we can see all these pictures refers to the flavors of Linux, which is widely used in industries. So keeping this in mind there are few uses of Linux which are being used even if they run windows in their PC. They are:-
- Troubleshoot other computers
- Make a Chromebook more useful
- Host a website or a Webapp
- Work with hard drives and partitions
- Brush up on our hacking and security
- Revive an old or slow PC
- Learn more about how computer works
Features of Linux servers:-
- High level of security
- Great stability and durability
- High operational efficiency
- High uptime
- Ease of administration
- Flexibility in customization
What is Windows Server?
We can explain windows server as a line of operating systems that Microsoft specifically creates for sue on a server. This means in most of the cases windows server is used in business settings. Microsoft has published Windows Server under that name since Windows Server 2003 was launched in April 2003. Every Windows Server releases corresponds to a consumer version of Windows. Windows Server 2003, for example, is the server version of Windows XP. Just because windows server and windows share a code base, we can perform many of the same functions on both. We can download and install programs like browsers and photo editors on Windows server.
Windows Server has Enterprise Management Software
As we all know Windows server is intended for business, it includes plenty of enterprise software. Below there are few roles that a server can perform:-
- Active Directory:- It is a user management service that allows a server to act as domain controller. Instead of logging into a local computer, the domain controller handles all the user account authentication.
- DHCP:- Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol is a protocol that's lets a server automatically assign IP address to all devices in network.
- File and Storage:- This allows us to keep important data in a central location and set permissions to control who can access what.
- Print services:- Setting up a print server allows us to easily map with the printers to the computers and reduce redundant work.
- Windows Update Services:- By setting up a server as a Windows Update controller, we can route all workstation updates through that server and configure specific rules for how they should work.
Features of Windows Server:-
- Enhanced security
- Easier administration of server core
- Linux integration
- Automated client connectivity
Versions of Windows servers:-
- Windows Server 2003
- Windows Server 2003 R2
- Windows Server 2008
- Windows Server 2008 R2
- Windows Server 2012
- Windows Server 2012 R2
- Windows Server 2016
- Windows Server 2019
Windows Server got some hardware limitations
- Windows Server doesn't include Extraneous Features
- Windows server has different pricing.
This is all about the detail discussion about the two servers. Now lets compare these two servers and lets see which one is better and which one should we use.
Benefits of Linux Servers over Windows
As we all know Linux is an open source operating system and in IT it allows the distribution such as Fedora, Ubuntu and CentOS. Their source code is available for coders to change and update the way they want to. Users can go to the source to edit features or fix bugs. Going forward with this, why people choose Linux because of the following:-
- Linux, just because it is an open source, it is free. The web host only needs to pay for the technical support to install and maintain the program. But this is not the case of Windows Server, the company must pay for the operating system and a periodic use license.
- Linux has instant compatibility with other open-source software products and provides a quick interface with seamless adoption.
- Linux servers and the applications run generally and they use few computer resources as they are designed to run lean. But in the case of Microsoft Windows Servers they tend to slow down under multi-database tasking, with a higher risk of crashing.
- Linux is more secure than Windows.
- While no other system is immune to hacking and malware attacks, Linux tends to be a low profile target.
Advantages of using Linux are:-
- Privacy and security
- Immune to crashes
- Easy maintenance
- Hardware compatibility
- Free and open source for all
- User friendly and supportive community
Benefits of using Windows Server:-
The windows Server which is professionally designed by Microsoft to make a profit, has some compelling advantages. Basically windows servers are robust systems and the advantages are as follows:-
- Pay for the service and receive better support than open-sourced Linux, which is more or less community developed and supported.
- Windows applications like outlook, office ,etc. will integrate with Windows servers straight away. If we use windows software and services , it makes sense to run them in native platforms.
- If we are running a database backend based on Microsoft SQL, it will not run on a Linux server, unless we install a Windows emulator.
- Windows Server is considered a complete solution that is quick and easy for setup.
- Better support:- Windows servers and Windows applications comes up with a cost, they also have paid support. As an open-source software, the business client and the web-hosting company usually pay to the technical experts who understand open-source software.
- Better integration with Microsoft products:- windows applications are designed to integrate with windows server, which makes windows server more valuable than Linux. For large companies that run Microsoft SQL and Microsoft Access, as these are two popular databases, a windows server may be the only option.
- Remote Desktop Access:- Linux servers are command-line based. Windows servers have a Remote Desktop, where it is easy to manage a server because it comes with a graphical user interface.
- Scripting frameworks:- The frameworks such as ASP and ASP.net are easy to install and manage and have much better support than Linux scripting frameworks.
Making the server decision
So we came to an end where we got the difference between the two servers and now you have to make decision either go with Windows or Linux. So before choosing any of these two, consider these factors:-
- Do you need 24 hour quick response support? Windows support comes with the product. Linux responses might not be so fast.
- Can you get by with shared hosting solutions or do you need the benefits of a dedicated server?
- What are your plans for future growth and the level of interest in cloud computing.
Deciding between Windows and Linux requires an understanding of the pro’s and con’s of each system, as well as how they fit into your hosting needs. We can work across platforms with windows and Linux. Be careful that the convenience comes at a cost. You must pay for the software or applications if you need to run Windows on Linux.
Once it is decided between Windows and Linux, seek for a provider who can fulfill the needs, based on the companies requirements.
Thank you! Have a nice day.